Final Straw for the Jeb Bush Campaign?

Timing is essential in every endeavor. With business and political decisions, the “right stuff” can lose popularity in changing times even though the “stuff” itself hasn’t digressed.

For example, the railroads were the transportation backbone of the Industrial Revolution in our country. As the horseless carriage evolved into prominence, the railroads continued to focus on improving trains instead of remembering that its original importance was transportation. Trains are still very useful, but until they have a technological transformation, the trucking industry will retain its leadership in moving things.

Unfortunate timing may be Jeb Bush’s biggest opponent. His achievements stack up well with those of his father and brother who both won the White House. And most thinking individuals would certainly rate him higher than Ford, Carter and Obama. Bush III may not have the charisma of Presidents Kennedy or Reagan, but few do.

What Used to be Sufficient is No Longer

This 2016 election season for the Republicans is unlike those in recent memory because of two realizations. The Democrats have proven someone can win without substance. They’ve done it four times since Bush #41. To make things worse, the Republican establishment has not responded to most of its important legislative opportunities since the days of Newt Gingrich. Consequently, what will win the loyalty of a perturbed citizenry in the middle and conservative sides of the political spectrum has changed.

Bush’s advocating for the earned legal status of illegal immigrants, a secure border, a revamping of the disastrous Iran deal, vouchers for improved education (despite a leaning toward Common Core), defund Planned Parenthood (he did that in Florida), the return of Medicare and welfare programs to the states, the repeal of Obamacare, etc. would be sufficient to gain support in most election cycles. But not in 2016.

For Now, Style has Taken the Lead Over Message

Many non-liberals have grown tired of a staid approach which reminds them of recent and current Republican majorities caving in to opponents on the Left. Thus, we have the success of Trumpomania. Sure, it’s time that a Republican calls out those who are trying to usher in a modern Dark Age of a bankrupt economy and morality. But it’s unsettling that the preference of style over substance, formerly a trademark of the Left, has migrated to the center and Right as evidenced by Trump’s early success. Consequently, Bush’s message is getting lost in the sea of Republican candidates, most of whom are reluctant to speak as arrogantly as Hillary & Friends.

Aggravating his slump, Bush tried to reinvent himself with a little fire – but aimed it at fellow Floridian Marco Rubio. Granted, having two favorite sons from the same state in any race will create the inevitable jockeying for position. However, Bush’s attempt at showing assertiveness was so out of character for him that it appeared contrived and may have cost him valuable home state support.

Unfair Baggage and a Gullible Public

He’s battling another annoying and undeserved image issue. Although he is just as much an “outsider” as the other governors in the race, the connection to his family makes him appear to be an “insider” in the subconscious minds of many. Compounding this injustice are liberals who fear a Bush “dynasty” while being oblivious to twenty-three years of Clinton encroachment.

Add up all of the unexpected roadblocks which Jeb Bush has encountered and we can see why he may be considering all of the “cool things” (1) he could be doing instead of trying to rally in this quicksand environment. This self-absorbed age continues to encourage an already emboldened Democratic party that believes it can bamboozle enough voters again. All it needs to do is promise free tuition at state universities, continue to provide all sorts of recreational assistance under the guise of healthcare or new entitlements and blame it all on the rich (many on the Left are wealthy, too, but who’s counting) who couldn’t erase the nearly terminal debt even if they donated all they had to the cause in addition to the Sanders 90% tax. Democrats have no fear of unsustainable debt and think that we are somehow immune to the downfall which has plagued Greece and other undisciplined nations. This puts logic at a disadvantage.

“I’ll be Home for Christmas”?

Here’s betting that Jeb Bush decides the hassle of this race isn’t worth it and decides to spend most, if not all, of the upcoming holiday season as a former Republican candidate.

1 – ““Jeb Goes Off: I Could Be Doing ‘Really Cool Things’ Instead of Being President, You Know,” by Josh Feldman, http://www.mediaite.com/tv/jeb-goes-off-i-could-be-doing-really-cool-things-instead-of-being-president-you-know/, 10/24/2015

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Republican “Lower Tier” Second Debate, Then There Were Four, and One Stood Out

(Summaries of the first seven “main tier” debates are posted on http://www.ohioconservativereview.com)

Slowly, but surely, the race for the Republican nomination next summer will include fewer candidates. Since the original two debates in August, the “lower tier” group shrunk to four for the CNN event on September 16, 2015. Carly Fiorina was “promoted” to the first group, Rick Perry had bowed out and Jim Gilmore was left out by the network.

Thus, the foursome of South Carolina Senator Lindsey Graham (since 2003), Louisiana Governor Bobby Jindal (since 2008), former New York Governor George Pataki (1995-2006) and former Pennsylvania Senator Rick Santorum (1995-2007) met at the Ronald Reagan Library for their second meeting.

Comments are grouped by topic and not necessarily by chronological sequence. A commentary will be at the end. This session was moderated by Jake Tapper and assisted by Hugh Hewitt and Dana Bash.

Reagan’s  “11th  Commandment”  and  Comments  Made  About  Trump

Jindal: He was asked to justify his comment that Donald Trump is “an unstable, narcissistic, egomaniac” in view of Reagan’s command “thou shall not speak ill of thy fellow Republican.” Jindal replied that he is in compliance by saying, “Let’s stop treating Donald Trump like a Republican… if he were really a conservative and thirty points ahead, I would endorse him… He’s not a liberal, he ‘s not a Democrat, he’s not a Republican, he’s not an independent. He believes in Donald Trump.”

After a description of how “the idea of America is slipping away” because of our President’s priorities, he concluded the Trump answer with, “Do we depend on proven conservative principles like Ronald Reagan did, OR do we turn it over to a narcissist who only believes in himself?”

Santorum: He was asked his opinion of Jindal’s comments. He disagreed with him by saying that: “I think personal attack please just one person – Hillary Clinton… There are plenty of policy differences between the candidates up here and the candidates later. Donald Trump has every right to run for president as a Republican as anybody else in this audience. And he may have positions which I disagree with, but he has the right to do that. ”

Jindal: “The reality is, Hillary Clinton is gift-wrapping this election to us. They are running their weakest candidate. They’ve got a socialist that is gaining on Hillary Clinton. Folks, you can’t make that up… The best way for us to give this election back would be to nominate a Donald Trump. He would either implode in the general election or, God forbid if he were in the White House, we have no idea of what he would do. You can’t just attack him on policy – he doesn’t care about policy. It’s not enough to say he was for socialized medicine or higher taxes. He’s not serious.”

Graham: Switching to the senator who has called Trump a “wrecking ball for the Republican Party,” yet voters in South Carolina support Trump 30% to Graham’s 4%. He’s not concerned with the polling at this stage. If it were a true indicator, then the polls of 2012 and 2008 would have said we’d have had President Perry and President Giuliani.

Pataki: He and Hugh Hewitt got into a battle of semantics. Hewitt claimed Pataki broke his pledge to support the Republican nominee by tweeting that he wouldn’t support Trump. Pataki countered that he did not break the pledge because he is certain that Trump will not win the nomination. When asked, he said he would not vote for Hillary Clinton and would vote for the Republican nominee.

“But let me say this flat out. Donald Trump is unfit to be president of the United States or the Republican party’s nominee. Look at what he did in Atlantic City. He says he’s going to make America great again. He invested (in) four casinos in Atlantic City and he said, essentially, ‘I’m going to make Atlantic great again.’ Every one of those casinos went bankrupt.”

While 5,000 lost their jobs, Pataki added Trump didn’t lose anything and the same type of thing will happen if we elect Trump president.

Which  is  Better, “Outsiders”  or  “Insiders”?

Graham: Jake Tapper asked him to explain why Trump, Carson and Fiorina, all who have never been elected to public office, are ahead of the four of them in the polls. The senator hopes that all voters will support someone who will take us in a different direction than the one our President is taking us. He believes his thirty-five trips to Iraq and Afghanistan will make him a better leader and that insulting one another won’t fix the situation. His thirty-three years in the military coupled with his 140 days on the ground in Iraq and Afghanistan make him ready to take on the responsibilities of president immediately. Regarding whether experience matters, “ Let’s not replace one novice with another.

Immigration

Santorum: He began by summarizing that most of the other Republicans support programs which involve various forms of amnesty. He believes that too much attention has been given to those illegals already here without sufficient concern for the plight of existing Americans who have had their income earning abilities harmed by the influx of illegal immigrants. Rather, a great leader will act on those issues which are in the best interest of America.

“Seventy to ninety per cent of the people who gave come into this country , thirty-five million over the last twenty years, are wage earners that are holding wages down, taking jobs away from America.”

Jindal: “I want to make clear (so) that everyone understands my position. We need to secure the border, period… We don’t need a comprehensive plan. We don’t need a thousand page plan like the Gang of Eight… As President, I’ll get it done in six months. It won’t be perfect, but we can get it done. I’m not for amnesty. We do need to secure the border. A smart immigration makes our country stronger… Immigration without assimilation is invasion. We need to insist that people come here legally, learn English, adopt our values, draw up their sleeves and get to work.”

Santorum: While some versions of immigration policy may not call themselves amnesty, they allow people who came here illegally or overstayed a visa to stay. He also said we currently have the highest number of immigrants, in a percentage basis, that we have had in 105 years.

“Wages are flat-lined. The reason you’re seeing the angst and the anger out there, and the reason this issue has taken off, is because workers in America know that their wages are being undermined. If you look at from the year 2000 and 2014, there are 5.7 million net new jobs created. What percentage of those jobs are held by people who weren’t born here? The answer is all of them. The fact is American workers are being hurt by immigration and that’s why they’re upset.”

Jindal: He was asked to clarify his position on amnesty, where Dana Bash said he’s not for amnesty but wants a path to citizenship. The governor said he is not for amnesty, but we must first secure the border then, “after that, deal with the folks who are here pragmatically and compassionately… I have never been for amnesty, will never be for amnesty.” He also believes we should not only defund sanctuary cities, but “criminalize, accuse and jail those mayors and councilmen as accessories for the crimes committed by people who shouldn’t be here in the first place.”

Pataki: He was asked to explain why he believes in keeping birthright citizenship while Sen. Graham wants it ended for those children whose parents entered the country illegally. He said that is just a small part of the immigration issue. First, we need to secure the border and ensure that people come here legally. Second, we need to imprison or deport any illegal immigrant who commits a crime.

“Of course, we should outlaw sanctuary cities and hold them responsible. But we can’t ignore eleven million people who are here… We’re not going to send them back despite what somebody says we’re going to drag kids out of classrooms and send them back. But we have to send a message that we are a nation that depends on the rule of law. When your first act is to break the law, there has to be a consequence.”

His idea is to have those illegals who want to have “legal status” (not citizenship) to come forward and acknowledge their breaking of the law and if they break another, they can be deported immediately. In addition, they would be required to perform 200 hours of community service in order to receive “legal status.” When pressed to answer Jack Tapper’s question, Pataki said he does not believe anyone born here should be deported and that we can avoid this situation by having “an intelligent immigration policy.”

(Immigration continues with a Graham vs. Santorum verbal boxing match, and no one really won)

Graham: Regarding ending birthright citizenship, he first said he did not remember the Santorum plan and that he, Sen. Graham has been trying to solve the immigration problem for a decade. We won’t deport the eleven Illegal immigrants, but the felons have to leave. For those who can stay here:

“As to the rest, you can stay, but you got to learn our language. I don’t speak it very well, but look how far I’ve come (alluding to his Southern accent, followed by some laughter from the audience). Speaking English is a good thing. You got to pay taxes, you got to pay a fine, you got to get back in line. You got to secure your border, they’ll keep coming. If you don’t control who gets the job, it will never end. We’ve got two borders, one with Canada and one with Mexico. I’ve never met an illegal Canadian.”

He views the problem as an economic issue which needs to be solved. On the subject of ending birthright citizenship, he is opposed to those who use their money and the system to buy a visa to go to a resort and have the child in America. “That to me is bastardizing citizenship. I’d like to stop that in the future.”

Santorum: He countered Graham’s claim that he didn’t have a plan in the Senate, it was named “The Comprehensive Border Security Bill” in 2006. It would have allocated resources to building a fence, deploying troops and implementing necessary technology.

Graham: “What did you do with the eleven million?”

Santorum: “As you know, 40-60% of the eleven million are here on visa overstays. We know exactly who they are, we should know where they are, but we have a government which doesn’t tell them to return home. You can solve half of the problem of the eleven million, (Graham: “What about the other half?”) by simply telling the eleven million that they have to return to their country of origin. So that’s half of your problem. So it’s not eleven million anymore.”

Graham: “How many Democrats did you have on your bill?”
Santorum: “I don’t know how many Democrats.”
Graham: “I can tell you – none.”
Santorum: “The point is that I had a bill –“
Graham: “It went nowhere.”
Santorum: “Well, you’re right, Lindsey, it went nowhere because we had a president back then who was, ah, for more comprehensive reform than I was.”
Graham:George W. Bush.”
Santorum: “That’s right.”
Graham: “Who won with Hispanics.”

Santorum: “You know what we need to do, Lindsey, (Graham: “Compared to what we’re doing.”) we need to win, we need to win fighting for Americans. We need to win fighting for the workers (Graham: “Hispanics.”) who are hurting (Graham: “Are Americans.”) in this country, including Hispanics, the people who are hurt the most by illegal immigration are Hispanics.” (crowd applause, for Graham, and also for the novelty of a verbal fight?)
Graham: “In my world, Hispanics are Americans.”

Santorum: “The folks who are hurt the worst are recent immigrants by illegal immigrants coming into this country, last year alone 700,000 illegal immigrants came into this country. Who do you think are most impacted? It’s the folks who came in this country, played by the rules, did what they were supposed to do, came here and went to work, and now they’re finding themselves out of work because someone came in illegally and is willing to work for less.”

Graham: “I have a little different take on where the country is going on this issue. Number one, in 1950, there were sixteen workers for every retiree. How many are there today? There’s three. In twenty years, there’s going to be two. And you’re going to have eighty million Baby Boomers like me retiring en mess [sic], wanting a Social Security check and their Medicare bills paid. We’re going to need more legal immigration. Let’s just make it logical. Let’s just pick people from all over the world on our terms, not just somebody from Mexico. Let’s create a rational legal immigration system because we have a declining work force. Strom Thurmond had four kids after he was sixty-seven. If you’re not willing to do that, we had better come up with a new legal immigration system.” (applause, for his answer or because Jake Topper was ending this segment?)
Santorum: “I just want to say I’ve had seven kids, so I’ve done my part.”
He reminded us that we can’t ignore the eleven illegal immigrants and that his policy of granting them legal status would work and “it would make them part of an economy that would grow.”

[New question on Immigration, with regard to admitting 10,000 Syrian refugees into the U.S. over the next year]

Jindal: He was asked whether the U.S. has a moral obligation, as Sen. Graham believes, to allow these refugees into our country. Gov. Jindal said that we are the most compassionate nation in the world, but that we should not put a Band-Aid on this refugee situation by allowing these refugees who are fleeing as a result of Obama’s failed famous “line in the sand” policy which created this flood of fleeing Syrians. This will not solve the problem. Rather, we “should not short-circuit… our normal refugee process.” The solution is “for us to be clear to our friends and allies that we are going to replace Assad, we’re going to hunt down and destroy ISIS. Our friends don’t trust us and our enemies don’t fear and respect us.”

He then went back to the need for assimilation. His parents came to the U.S. legally almost forty-five years ago:

“They followed the rule of law, they knew English, they adopted the values. They didn’t come here to be hyphenated Americans. They’re not Indian-Americans. They’re not Asian-Americans.”

Graham: “I wonder how Obama sleeps at night… Your commanders told you ‘don’t withdraw from Iraq because we’ll lose all of our gains.’” Three years ago, Graham and Sen. McCain begged for a no-fly zone over Syria when it would still matter, but the President refused. He’s not blaming Sen. Santorum or others, just the President “for this mess.”

The Middle East

Graham: Saying to those who sacrificed in Iraq by doing their job, Obama wasted their efforts. He reiterated that those who do not understand that we 10,000 instead of the 3,500 troops currently on the ground to defeat ISIL are not ready to be President. And if we don’t destroy them soon, “then they’re coming here.” We spent $50 million to train fifty-four Syrians and only four or five are left after being killed. A regional army is needed. We should only be 10% of this fighting force as we have paid for the last two wars. “…and we’re going to pull the caliphate up by its roots and we’re going to kill every one of these bastards we can find, because if we don’t, they’re coming here.” (applause)

Santorum: He said he proposed 10,000 troops about six months ago to arm the Kurds, more if necessary. “The answer is this: once ISIS established a caliphate (1), the game changed. Because once you establish a caliphate, where you have an area of control, you have to  take ground from that caliphate; because if you don’t, then in the Islamic world it’s seen as a legitimate caliphate. (2) As long as they have territorial integrity, and even expand it, then they have a legitimacy in much of the Muslim world to call people to join their jihad here in America, as well as in Iraq and Syria. So, we must take their ground.”

Jindal: The President has added to the problem, not only by announcing the troop cutback, but said “we’re not going to win this through guns. It’s going to be through a change of hearts and minds. This will be a generational conflict. That is nonsense. These are barbarians. They are burning, crucifying people alive, Christians and other Muslims. We need to hunt them down and kill them.”
Earlier, the governor reminded us that our president won’t say “radical Islamic terrorism… He’s declared a war on trans-fats and signed a truce with Iran… he’s more worried about Twinkies than he is about the Ayatollah having a nuclear weapon.”

Graham: “Are all of you willing to commit to American ground forces going into Syria, as part of a regional army, to destroy the caliphate at its headquarters?”

Pataki: He’s even more convinced now than he was as governor leading the state of New York through 9/11 that we are at a greater risk on our own soil of a terrorist attack. While we need to destroy ISIS, he disagrees that the solution is a certain increase in troops over there. Rather: “directly arm those fighting ISIS on the ground now…” (Then he was cut-off by the “rules and timing” per Jake Tapper)

[“How do we strike a balance between vigilance and discrimination?” — prefaced with the story about the 14-year old Muslim in trouble for bringing a fake bomb to school when it turned out to be a clock]

Jindal: Americans do not discriminate against people for reasons of race or creed. It’s not enough for Muslim leaders to disapprove of generic violence, they need to speak out against specific atrocities by name. They need to say that “these aren’t martyrs. These terrorists are not martyrs, rather they’re going straight to hell. They’re not going to enjoy a reward in their afterlife. Secondly, they have to explicitly embrace the same freedoms for everybody else that they want for themselves. Look, I know it’s not politically correct to say this, but the President said Fort Hood was an issue of workplace violence. We are at war with radical Islam. Our president loves to apologize for America. He goes to the National Prayer Breakfast, brings up the Crusades, criticizes Christians. We are at war today with radical Islamic extremists.”

While he’s glad the police are being vigilant and concerned about safety issues, a 14-year old should not be arrested for bringing a clock to school. (3) When it comes to discrimination:

“Right now, the biggest discrimination going on is against Christian business owners and individuals who believe in traditional forms of marriage. They’re throwing this woman in jail in Kentucky. (4) Let’s talk about that.” (applause) “Let’s talk about the Christian florist, the caterer, the musician who simply want to say don’t arrest us or don’t discriminate us or don’t shut down our businesses, don’t fine us thousands of dollars for believing that marriage is between a man and a woman.”

Graham: He’s not afraid of an attack by Kim Davis, but he is concerned about “radical Islamic terrorists who are already here.” He wants “a legal system that knows the difference between fighting a war and fighting a crime.”

Pataki: He stated that public officials don’t get to choose which laws they follow. If Kim Davis was his employee, he would have fired her.

Santorum: He was asked to respond to Gov. Pataki’s statement. The senator responded by recalling the heroism of a woman who was challenged for her faith at Columbine (5) and did not back down. Now, we have a woman who stands by her faith against an unconstitutional decision by the Court and is:

“ridiculed and criticized, chastised because she’ standing up and not denying God and her faith. That is a huge difference in sixteen years. People have a fundamental right, in the First Amendment. There’s no more important right. It is the right that is the trunk that all rights come from, and that’s the freedom of conscience. And when we say in America that we have no room — well, how many bakers, how many florist, how many pastors, how many clerks are we going to throw in jail, because they say “I cannot violate what my faith says is against its teachings?’ Is there not room in America? I believe there has to be room.”

He promoted the First Amendment Defense Act which allows government officials to not act against their faith. “Judicial supremacy is not in the Constitution” and Santorum said we need a President and Congress which will stand against such a Court. (applause)

— Then, more festivities (this time, Santorum vs. Pataki)

Pataki: He was astonished at the notion of a President “who would defy the Supreme Court, because – (Santorum: “I hope so!) they don’t agree (Santorum: “if they’re wrong.”) then you don’t have the rule of law. –“

Santorum: “What you have is judicial supremacy. You don’t have a rule of law, when the Court has the final say!”
Pataki: The elected — the elected representatives of the people always have the opportunity to change that law. The Supreme Court makes a determination, but it’s ultimately the elected who decide if that would be acceptable.”

He added that if he becomes President, he would appoint judges who interpret the law, not make it. Back to the conscientious objection issue, “But there’s a huge difference between an individual standing up and saying, ‘I am going to stand for my religious freedom and my religious rights.’ I applaud that. This is America. You should be able to engage in your religious belief in the way you see fit. But when you’re an elected official, and you take an oath to uphold the law, all the laws, you cannot pick and choose or you no longer have a society that depends on the rule of law.” (applause)

Santorum: “Martin Luther King wrote a letter from the Birmingham jail. And he said in that letter, that there are just laws and there are unjust laws. And we have no obligation to condone and accept unjust laws. And he followed up, ‘What is an unjust law?’ An unjust law is a law that goes against the moral code or God’s law or the natural law. I would argue, that what the Supreme Court did is against the natural law, is against God’s law, and we have every obligation to stand in opposition to it.” (applause)
Graham: (probably feeling left out of this discussion) “Jake –.“
Pataki: “I didn’t agree with the Supreme Court’s decision, but it is the law of this land. And I’m a great admirer of Martin Luther King, and he was prepared to break the law. But it wasn’t in an office of political power, it was civil disobedience, where what he was willing to do was voluntarily go to jail with his followers to send a message to the elected representatives that these laws were wrong and had to be changed. And because of his courage, we didn’t ignore the courts, we changed the laws and made America a better place, and that’s the way to do it.” (applause)

Jindal: “Jake, I’ve got a practical question. I’d like the Left to give us a list of jobs that Christians aren’t allowed to have. If we’re not allowed to be clerks, bakers, musicians, caterers – are we allowed to be pastors? (Tapper: “Governor Jindal,..”) We’re not allowed to be elected officials. I want to make – this is an important point: The First Amendments rights, the rights to religious freedom, is in the first amendment to the Constitution, it isn’t breaking the law to exercise our constitutional rights. America did not create religious liberty. Religious liberty created the United State of America. It is the reason we are here today.” (applause)

Graham: He reminded everyone that it’s the Supreme Court which determines the constitutionality of laws and they ruled that laws banning same-sex marriage at the state level are unconstitutional under the 14th Amendment’s equal protection clause.

“I don’t agree with it, but that is the law of the land. But as President, what I want to make sure of is that everybody in this room, Christian, Jewish, Muslim, whatever religion, that you can practice our faith without government interference. You can marry people consistent with the tenets of your faith. That’s the number one obligation of my presidency: is to protect religious people when they exercise their religious rights. But this decision is the law as it is right now. And here’s the one thing I want to tell you. (Tapper: “Thank you, Senator.”) Wait, wait a minute. Whether you are the wedding cake, or the gay couple, or the Baptist preacher, radical Islam would kill you all if they could. (Tapper: “Senator, –“) Let’s not lose sight of the big picture here!” (applause)

[Staying on the subject of Supreme Court Justices]

Jindal: He was asked whether Sen. Graham and Santorum voting to confirm Chief Justice Roberts, who has voted twice to uphold Obamacare was a mistake. Jindal said that putting Roberts, Kennedy and Souter on the Court was a mistake, but he preferred to focus on the reality that conservatives don’t fight consistently for their values as Democrats do. We never see a liberal judge suddenly decide to be conservative. While most presidents choose Supreme Court nominees with no record to judge them on, Jindal would have his own litmus test : are they conservative and pro-life, follow the Constitution and American law? “They’re not appointed to interpret international law.” Also, “if judges want to write law, they should run for the Senate or the House.”

Graham: The senator that Chief Justice Roberts was one of the most qualified candidates to come before the Senate. He did not agree with Roberts’ position on Obamacare, but that is a great rarity. The most important concern for Republicans should be winning the White House “to make we don’t lose the judiciary for decades to come.” (applause)

Santorum: He doesn’t regret his vote to confirm Chief Justice Roberts despite two bad decisions. He was among those opposing President Clinton’s appointees and was a supporter of President Bush’s, including the effort to end the filibuster against his candidate.
Jindal: “Look, it’s not a minor ruling, Justice Roberts twice re-wrote the law to save Obamacare, the biggest expansion of government, creating a new entitlement. We can’t afford the government we’ve got today, an expansion of socialism in our country. It’s not that he got a minor ruling wrong. This is twice he re-wrote the law. Look, I have a lot of respect for these senators that have big bladders . They give great speeches in the Senate and I respect that. I’ve actually signed the executive order, I’ve actually signed the law protecting religious liberty in the state of Louisiana. It’s not 99-1, the one that he got wrong was a big one. Twice, he bent over backwards to save Obamacare. If Republicans had voted the way they should have, we would still have our 10th Amendments rights and Obamacare would not be the law of the land.”

[from Hugh Hewitt: Can anyone win the Presidency after belonging to the Washington elite who have a habit of saying nice things about their political opponents before election campaigning starts, such as Sen. Graham said about Hillary Clinton as Secretary of State?]

Jindal: Despite his criticism of Donald Trump, the governor said “one of the things he was right about when he said nonsense to the D.C. establishment. It is a time to fire all of them. You’ve got a choice between honest socialist on the left, like Bernie Sanders, and lying conservatives on the right. We’ve got the majority, what good has it done us. You know, they said they were going to stop amnesty. They said they were going to repeal Obamacare. They didn’t do either. Now, they’re not willing to fight to defund Planned Parenthood. They’ve already, McConnell’s already waved the white flag of defeat. They’re not willing to stand up to fight for the issues that count.”

“I think it is time to have term limits. I think it is time to have part-time citizen legislators. Let’s pay them a per diem instead of a six-figured salary. Stop them from being seven-figured lobbyists. Let’s also pay them a per diem for every day they don’t go to D.C., let’s keep them out of D.C., work in the real world. Let’s make them live according to the rules and laws they apply to the rest of us.” Back to those in question, they shouldn’t be elected and let’s fire all of them. (applause)

Graham: “Only in America can you go from the back of a liquor store to being elite.” His calling Hillary Clinton a “national treasure” came at a conference discussing the problems of women in Africa and she had done a good job. He recalled the $40 billion which President Bush sent to Africa to wipe out AIDS and malaria in children, which Santorum supported. (applause) But his problem with Secretary Clinton was “Where the hell were you on the night of the Benghazi attack? (applause) How did you let it become a death trap to begin with? Why did you lie about what happened to these people? He claimed to have a good chance of beating her because he doesn’t “say bad things about her all of the time, just when she deserves it.”

Regarding his going back-and-forth with political opponents and expecting the American public to believe him, he reminded us that President Reagan met and talked with Tip O’Neill, one of the most liberal of Representatives. “They started drinking together. That’s the first thing I’m going to start doing as President, we’re going to drink more. (laughter) And what did these two great Irishmen do? They found a way to save Social Security from bankruptcy by adjusting the age of retirement from sixty-five to sixty-seven so – yes, sometimes I will say nice things about Democrats. Yes, I will work with them. I will put the country ahead of party.”

THE  ECONOMY

Pataki: (from Jake Tapper: Trump and Bush have proposed raising taxes on hedge fund managers. Does he agree?) “I would throw out the entire corrupt tax code. It’s a symbol of the corruption and the power of the lobbyists and special interests in Washington. It’s 74,000 pages of incomprehensible gobbledy-gook.” He proposes the elimination of $1.4 trillion in loopholes and lower tax rates. He would tax the aforementioned the same as ordinary income. He would also propose that anyone who serves in either the Senate or the House can never be a lobbyist. We currently have 400 former members of Congress registered as lobbyists.

Jindal: He’s also for a flatter tax code which also does not allow the loopholes results in “sweetheart” deals for lobbyists. But this would be part of an overall, comprehensive tax reform because he doesn’t want to make this a single item change which would give the already-too-big federal government more money. He has cut his state budget 26% : “everybody else talks about it, we have done it.” But he doesn’t want to raise the taxes for anyone, just lower it for the whole.

Santorum: (from Dana Bash: Jeb Bush has a plan which would eliminate the deduction for home mortgages.) The senator described his “20-20: Perfect Vision for America Plan, a 20% flat tax on income, capital gains and corporations. It would eliminate the deductions for special provisions. The net result is no preference for how one takes his income. It would make us competitive with almost every other country which aids his goal of making the U.S. #1 in manufacturing again.

Pataki: He is not in favor of eliminating the deduction for mortgages and would also keep the charitable deduction. While he agrees with Santorum about the importance of manufacturing, he would lower the tax on manufacturing to 12% — the lowest in the developed world. He would improve overall job skills and get rid of job-killing regulations.

[Tapper on the Federal Minimum Wage: only Santorum on this stage has proposed raising it]

Graham: Instead of artificially raising the minimum wage, he wants to create a thriving economy which will cause more businesses to open and which will have the need to pay more in order to compete for those workers. Money needs to be borrowed to start business, but “banking is locked down because of Dodd-Frank.6 The tax code is a complete mess, but nobody has talked about the elephant in the room – which is debt. Not one more penny to the federal government until we come up with a plan to get out of debt.” (applause)

Santorum: (According to Graham, Tapper said Santorum’s plan would not allow South Carolinians to hire more workers.) He asked Graham what per cent is making the minimum wage and he replied about one per cent. Santorum said he would not make the case to the American public that there should not be a floor minimum wage. The party which supported bail-outs (but not him) and special interest provisions can’t afford to do this. He’s not proposing a large increase, but 50 cents per hour over three years. The Republican Party has had a habit of talking about the problem of business owners, who are 10% of voters, while disregarding the workers. “How are we going to win when 90% of Americans think we don’t care at all about them and their chance to rise (talked over).”

FOREIGN  POLICY

Graham: (Tapper: Would you authorize a strike against Iran’s nuclear capabilities?) He would if they were heading toward having a (nuclear) bomb. But we can’t defend our country adequately unless we rebuild our military.

“We’re on track to have the smallest army since 1940, the smallest navy since 1915 and John Kasich says he wants to close more bases. I want to rebuild our military and I want the Iranians to know that if I had to, I would use it. The worst nightmare in the world is a radical Islamic regime with a weapon of mass destruction. The only 3,000 of us died on 9/11 and not three million is because they couldn’t get the weapons to kill us. They’re on track to get a bomb even if they don’t cheat. This deal is a nightmare for Israel. They’re coming here if we don’t watch it –terrorism with a nuclear capability sponsored by Iran, so yes, I would use military force to stop ‘em. I would set this deal aside and I would get you a better deal. If you give me $100 billion, I can get almost anybody out of jail. We couldn’t even get our hostages out of jail.” (applause)

[from Hugh Hewitt: Santorum has stated that any scientist who offers to help Iran get a nuclear bomb should not consider himself safe. Does that or any other message work?]

Pataki: We need a strong military and the Iranians need to know that we have the resolve to ensure that their facilities for making the bomb are at risk. Give Israel “mops” (“massive ordinance penetrators) and let Iran know that we’ll work with Israel to ensure that the Iranians never have a nuclear weapon. Our opponent is Hillary Clinton, former New York senator who saw what happened on 9/11 yet has allowed the Middle East to turn to flames and she supports this flawed deal with Iran. (applause)

Santorum: He authored and nearly passed a Senate bill which would have placed strong sanctions on the Iran nuclear program. It failed by four votes, including Biden, Kerry, H.Clinton and Obama. This particular form of radical Islam has 2/3 of Shiite Muslims in Iran and Iraq believing that “the end of the world will occur in their lifetime – because their regime preaches it… and we are in the process of giving them a nuclear weapon to do just that!” He would give the ultimatum that Iran opens all facilities to the U.S. and U.N. “or we will take out those facilities.” (applause)

[now for some lively Jindal vs. Graham exchanges]

Graham: [What about Putin recently sending six more tanks, four helicopters and more Russian ground troops to Syria to support Assad, an enemy of America? Trump says he can work deal with Putin. Your thoughts?] “Do you think Putin would be in the Ukraine or Syria if Ronald Reagan were President?” .. Putin helping Assad is bad because “he is the magnet for Sunni extremists.” He increases the odds that the next 9/11 attack will come from Syria. We need to establish a regional army “who doesn’t like ISIL and who won’t accept Assad because he’s a puppet of Iran.” Putin’s actions “are a slap in the face to Kerry and Obama. If Assad isn’t replaced, the war never ends which means that it comes here eventually.”

Jindal: Obama lets our enemies walk all over us and the only group he can out-negotiate is the Senate Republicans. The Corker Bill (7) was terrible because it switched the procedure from requiring 2/3 majority to pass the Iranian bill to needing 2/3 to reject it.
“Now is the time for the Republicans to stand up and fight. We’re tired of the Establishment saying there’s nothing we can do…(applause) We’ve heard Senate Republicans say things like, ‘Well, the Supreme Court’s ruled. There’s nothing I can do about religious liberty. You know, the President did this, there’s nothing we can do about it for two more years. There is something we can do about it. We won the Senate. We won the House. What was the point of winning those chambers if we’re not going to do anything with it? You’re (Sen. Graham) going back tonight. You still have time before the Thursday deadline. Will you all use the nuclear option to stop Iran from becoming a nuclear power?”

Graham: “Bobby, you were in the Congress, and all I can tell you, to everybody here, if you want to repeal Obamacare, get a new President. If you want to defund Planned Parenthood, elect a pro-life President, because that’s the only way. If we pass the Corden Carter Graham Menendez Bill (8), it would go to the president, he would veto it. Sixty-seven votes are required to override the veto. (Jindal attempted to interrupt) Now, wait a minute, you asked me a question. So I don’t want to take off the table the ability to slow down Obama in his last thirteen or fourteen months, because I want sixty votes to stop what I think he’s going to do between now and January, 2017. If five Republicans deflect – leave, we’re in trouble. So, folks, the world really is the way it is. President Obama is President. The goal is to get him out of there and pick someone who will actually do something to repeal Obamacare, who would get you a better agreement. So, Bobby, he would veto the bill. We don’t have sixty-seven votes and you would have given away a defense against Obama for the rest of his presidency. No, I’m not going to do that. I’m not going to tell you things I can’t do. I’m not going to tell that by shutting down the government we’re going to defund Obamacare as long as he’s president. All that does is hurt us. I’m trying to lead this party to winning.” (applause)

Jindal: “Now, Lindsey, that’s my frustration. Listen to what you’ve heard. (Graham: “Winning.”) You basically heard a Senate Republican say we can’t defund Planned Parenthood despite these barbaric videos (Graham: “Are you going to shut the government down?”) We can’t — (Graham: “Are you going to shut the government down?”) We can’t get rid of Obamacare. Lindsey, let me ask you this question now. I wish the Senate Republicans had half of the fight the Senate Democrats did. Look, President Obama didn’t give up on Obamacare when they lost the Senate election in Massachusetts. I want my side to follow the Constitution. They broke the Constitution. They broke the law. But they forced Obamacare down our throats even when they didn’t have sixty votes. I wish Republicans in D.C. had half the fight of Senate Democrats to get rid of Obamacare, to defund Planned Parenthood.”

“If we can’t defund Planned Parenthood now, if we can’t stand for innocent human life after these barbaric videos, it is time to be done with the Republican party. We defunded them in Louisiana, let’s defund them in D.C. If we can’t win on that issue, there’s no point for being cheaper Democrats, no point for having a second liberal party. It is time to get rid of the Republican party. Start over with a new one that is at least conservative. Give Harry Reid and Pelosi credit. At least they fight for what they believe in. I want senators and House members in D.C. to fight for what we believe in as well. It’s time to have Republicans with a backbone in D.C.” (applause)

Graham: “Can I just say something? You know, Bobby, we’re running to be President of the United States – the most important job in the free world. With it comes a certain amount of honesty. I‘m tired of telling people things they want to hear and I know we can’t do. He is not going to sign a bill that will defeat Obamacare. If I’m President of the United States, I wouldn’t put one penny in my budget for Planned Parenthood, not one penny. I’m as offended by these videos as you are. But he one thing I’m not going to do, going into 2016 is shut the government down and tank our ability to win. What you’re saying and what Senator Cruz is saying, I am really sick of hearing. Trying to get the Republican party in a position to win is what I’m trying to do! And that does matter to me, folks, it matters a lot.”

[FINAL QUESTION from Jake Tapper: “What is the one thing you can offer that no one in the eleven of the next debate can offer?]

Pataki: “I think there are two things, Jake, two things that we need as Republicans. First, we have to win the election. You’re going to heat a lot of great ideas, ‘I’m gonna do this, I’m gonna do that.’ None of it matters, unless you win the election. And the second, is once you win, you have to be able to govern successfully. We’ve heard a lot of fighting back and forth: ‘you didn’t get this done, you didn’t get that done.’ That’s the way Washington is today. You have to have a leader — a President will actually get a conservative agenda through. I’m running because I’ve done both those things. And I did them in one of the most liberal states in America. I got elected three times in the state of New York, twice by the largest pluralities ever for a Republican. I ran as a Republican conservative. If I get the nomination, I will be able to get broad support and win this election and take the White House back for our party. But more importantly, once I’ve won, I will put in place a sweeping conservative agenda. I did that in New York, over $143 billion in tax cuts, more than the other forty-nine states combined. Taking one million more people off welfare and putting them into jobs – in a state where the Democrats controlled the state assembly 103-47. I got them to support a conservative agenda. If I get elected, I will make things work in Washington, for the Republican party and for the United States.”

Santorum: “I came to Washington in the most unlikely way. I defeated a 14-year incumbent in a 60% Democratic district. I went to Washington thinking I was only going to be there for one term. And so, I just shook things up. We sent the chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee to jail. We ended forty years, forty years of Democratic control of the Congress. And I led that fight with reforms, substantive reforms, welfare reforms. I led the—I wrote the bill when I was in the House, I led the charge in the Senate. Partial-birth abortion bills, in fact, three pro-life bills, bi-partisan  pro-life bills. I mentioned the Iran bill, we also passed one on Syria, health savings accounts many of you know. I authored the original bill on health savings accounts, pushed that through the Congress for private health care reform. An outsider who came to Washington from the tough state of Pennsylvania, and got conservative things done. I made things happen in a town where things don’t happen very much. Now, after seeing ten years of the mess, the retreat we see in the Republican party in Washington, D.C. It’s time to get someone who’s an outsider , who can go to Washington, D.C. and who knows how to get things done. And you know what, you have a lot of folks who will tell you a lot of things. Look at their record. I went to Washington, as an outsider, shook things up, got things done and that’s why you can trust me to do it again.”

Jindal: “Jake, I’m a doer not a talker. The idea of America is slipping away from us. If you want somebody who will manage the slow decline of this country, make incremental changes, vote for somebody else. If you want to vote for somebody who understands what’s at stake, Planned Parenthood is selling baby parts across this country and the Senate Republicans have already given up, even without a fight. I’m tired of this surrender caucus. I’m angrier at the Republicans in D.C. than I am at the President. The President is a socialist, at least he fights for what he believes in. We don’t need to just any Republican to the White House. We need to send somebody it’s time to make big changes. It’s time to take on the Establishment, it’s time to take on the D.C. permanent governing class. Every Republican says they’ll shrink the size of the government, I’m the only one who’s done it, cut our budget 26%. If you want someone who’s going to make incremental change, vote for somebody else. It’s time to get the idea of America back. At some point we’ll be held accountable, we’ll be asked ‘What did you do when the idea of America was slipping away?’ I’ll promise you this: I’ll fight for you. I will give every ounce of blood, energy, sweat I’ve got to save the idea of America, the greatest country in the history of the world.”

Graham: “Well, number one, I will win a war we can’t afford to lose. I have a plan to destroy radical Islam, because it has to be. These are religious Nazis running wild. President Obama has made one mistake after another and it has caught up with us. What I have to offer that is different? I get my foreign policy from being, you know, on the ground. I’ve been to Iraq, Afghanistan, the Middle East thirty-five times in the last decade trying to understand how we got into this mess. Our leading candidate gets his foreign policy from watching television. And what I heard last night is the Cartoon Network ‘Ooh, I’m big, I’m strong, I’m going to hit them on the head.’ (laughter) That’s not foreign policy. That’s a cartoon character. John Kasich, a good friend of mine, said in New Hampshire we’re going to close more bases on his watch. On my watch, we’re going to open  up more bases. The military is in decline, folks. We’re going to have the smallest military in modern times, spending half of what we would normally spend by the end of this decade. What do I offer, what do I offer? To make your family safe and our country strong again, a vision and a determination to win a war that we cannot afford to lose.”

Candidate Evaluation (in alphabetical order)

Graham: Continues to be sincere and thoughtful, a Jimmy Carter but with a little more fire. Unfortunately, that fire ignited with Rick Santorum and it brought both of them down.
Alternative positions: His talent for Secretary of Defense seems stronger. While not appearing to be a leader of the big picture, he seems to have a good grasp of military consequences which our current emperor intentionally ignores in his efforts to bring Israel down and the U.S. to what he perceives is its proper, humiliated place. (9) His appreciation for the right of religious liberty makes him a suitable head of Health and Human Services who work to get rid of the anti-First Amendment nonsense out of Obamacare if it is not repealed. His understanding that we need “a legal system that knows the difference between fighting a war and fighting a crime,” makes him a suitable Attorney General.

Jindal: There HAS to be a place for him in a Republican administration if he’s not President himself. He would perform admirably in a number of other positions such as Vice President, Secretary of State, Secretary of Education (again, with the realization that he would fix the problem of education by returning it to the states with his guidance and removing this unconstitutional position from existence), Secretary of HHS (he knows why Obamacare is a practical and moral obamination), Attorney General (he would destroy the absurdity of sanctuary cities.

Pataki: Successfully repaired New York’s fiscal problem and helped with the problem of welfare. Yet, there’s just something missing from him to make him a winner among the 2016 candidates. Perhaps, it’s his lack of fire to challenge the Supreme Court’s bad decisions head-on, even though he wants a Court that interprets, not makes, the law.
Alternative positions: His success in New York would be very useful as Secretary of HHS or HUD, possibly Labor as he believes that most people want to work or Commerce to get U.S. industry rolling again.

Santorum: The unexpected verbal battle started by Graham hurt both. Whether or not his Senate record was exaggerated by him, he seemed to lack the force in the face of opposition. His flat tax (10) appears not to be as insensitive as those of others, but it may be difficult to gain enough support from those who wish to “punish” prosperity and think the federal government can find a way to give us everything “free.”.
Alternative positions: Attorney General (has respect for the dignity of human life and that inalienable rights are not given by the Constitution, but protected by it), Secretary of Commerce (while it’s not likely that the U.S. can return to #1 in manufacturing as long as foreign workers have a lower standard of living – therefore, lower wages, he has the drive to do something) or HHS (compassion for people) or the Veterans’ Administration.

1 – “A caliphate is a form of Islamic government led by a caliph – a person considered the political and religious successor to the prophet Muhammad and a leader of the entire Muslim community… The Sunni branch of Islam stipulates that, as a head of state, a Caliph should be elected by Muslims or their representatives (in practice, however, this devolved into a hereditary monarchic system soon after the beginning of Islam) and from Quraysh (see footnote #2). Followers of Shia Islam, however, believe a Caliph should be an Imam chosen by God from the Ahl al-Bayt (the “Family of the House” , Muhammad’s direct descendants).” From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caliphate

2 – “also spelled Kuraish, or Koreish, the ruling tribe of Mecca at the time of the birth of the Prophet Muḥammad. There were 10 main clans, the names of some of which gained great lustre through their members’ status in early Islam.” From http://www.britannica.com/topic/Quraysh

3 – “Ahmed Mohamed swept up, ‘hoax bomb’ charges swept away as Irving teen’s story floods social media,” by Avi Selk, updated 9/17/2015, http://www.dallasnews.com/news/community-news/northwest-dallas-county/headlines/20150915-irving-ninth-grader-arrested-after-taking-homemade-clock-to-school.ece

4 – ”Who is Kim Davis, Kentucky clerk jailed over same-sex marriage licenses?,” by Michael Martinez, http://www.cnn.com/2015/09/04/us/kim-davis-things-to-know/, updated 9/8/2015

5 – “Columbine High Shootings,” http://www.history.com/topics/columbine-high-school-shootings

6 — The five best aspects of this Act according to “consumer and reform advocates” and the five worst aspects in the opinion of “financial firms and their allies” are described in “The 5 Best and 5 Worst Regulations in Dodd-Frank,” by Katherine Reynolds Lewis, The Fiscal Times, 7/19/2011, http://www.thefiscaltimes.com/Articles/2011/07/19/The-5-Best-and-5-Worst-Regulations-in-Dodd-Frank. Five best: 1) Mortgage market reform 2) Consumer Financial Protection Bureau 3) Oversight of derivatives 4) Power to address systemic threats 5) Investor protections. Five worst: 1) New capital standards and derivative rules 2) Interchange fees 3) The Volcker rule 4) Overlapping rules of the road 5) No housing reform.

7 — https://www.congress.gov/bill/114th-congress/senate-bill/615/cosponsors

8 – pages S2447-2451 of
Amends Bill: H.R.1191 — Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015

Sponsor: Sen. Corker, Bob [R-TN] (Submitted 04/28/2015, Proposed 04/28/2015)
https://www.congress.gov/amendment/114th-congress/senate-amendment/1179/text

9 – as Dinesh D’Souza warned us in “Dinesh D’Souza on Obama’s Views of Israel, http://video.foxbusiness.com/v/952722593001/dinesh-dsouza-on-obamas-views-of-israel/?#sp=show-clips, 5/20/2011.

10 — “A Flat Tax Is the Best Path to Prosperity,” by Rick Santorum, The Wall Street Journal, 10/12/2015

Today was “Back to the Future II Day” (but, Real World 2015 or Biff’s 1985 World?)

IMG_5875
(as seen on the Discovery Family channel, 10/17/2015)

The “Back to the Future” movies were a trilogy named I, II and III and released in 1985, 1989 and 1990.1 As fans of the series remember, BTF II was the only one which portrayed a look at the future twenty-six years later. The actual date used in the movie, October 21, 2015 – has arrived!

As with other movies attempting to predict the future, it’s interesting to compare the creativity of the past with what actually came to be. Such is the case with Back to the Future II. Following is a comparison of the predicted future created in the late 1980’s with what we have today.

1) FLYING AUTOMOBILES: In the 1960’s, the year 2000 was thought of with much imagination, as if it would represent a threshold where our lives would be so fantastic that they would have little resemblance with the early years of the Space Age. While flying automobiles in 1989 might have been viewed as merely an extension of that unrealistic vision, it came much closer to reality after all.

AeroMobil had prototypes since at least 2007 and its AeroMobil 3.0 “is now finalised and has been in regular flight-testing program in real flight conditions since October 2014.”2
Terrafugia also began its prototyping in 2007. Its second generation prototype made its “debut outside of the aviation world at the New York International Auto Show in April 2012 for a crowd of over a million attendees and continues to attend EAA AirVenture annually.”3

2) SLEEP INDUCING ALPHA RHYTHM GENERATOR: In the movie, Doc Brown, Marty and his girlfriend Jennifer travelled to 10/21/2015 to prevent a future family crisis. Doc had not planned on bringing her along, but he stated he couldn’t leave her behind with the knowledge of the flying DeLorean/ time machine. In addition, her curiosity about her future could lead to dangerous attempts at intervention upon her return. Therefore, he used the sleep generator to make her unconscious and when she would awaken, would have no conscious knowledge of what happened – it would seem as a dream.

Well, in 1999, someone posted that he had heard about a supposed invention of the Russians in the 1950’s which reportedly accomplished this. Unfortunately, “My exhaustive Internet research has turned up a schematic of the device, but no solid information as to whether it actually worked. Larry Niven, who has used the concept in several of his stories, swears that he’s seen research proving that it performed as advertised.”4

Current technology hasn’t produced such a device yet. However, we do have: “Aiming a little lower than instant-sleep-inducing technology, we find ourselves among a range of devices that won’t make you fall asleep, but might make you sleep better.”5

3) WEATHER PREDICTION TO THE MINUTE: BTF II had the full range of prognostication from “since when can weathermen predict weather” by Marty in 1955 when the radio predicted clear weather hours before the storm to when Doc Brown noted that the rain ended exactly as predicted to the minute in 2015.

Of course, we aren’t there yet, although rain delayed major league baseball games are often given a 5-10 minute window for bad weather to start or end based on radar scans. We have come a long way from the early days of satellite meteorology when the newest available forecast was relatively accurate only for the day after next.

4) SELF-LACING SHOES: Ah, they’re here! “Adding to the fact that year 2015 marks the 30th anniversary of Back to The Future franchise, this makes it the perfect time to officially release the Nike Mag powerlace shoes, which should be more improved than the former version, considering it took Nike almost four years to come up with the final product.”6

5) SELF-ADJUSTING or SELF-DRYING JACKETS: Not quite here yet. “The self-drying jacket doesn’t really exist at this moment,” says Pailes-Friedman, who has worked on wearable technology for NASA and is a fellow at the Brooklyn Fashion and Design Accelerator. “I think that there are really exciting technologies that are happening—technologies where water will just be repelled by the fabric and never really absorbed, so the jacket will never actually get wet.”7

6) KIDS WEAR THEIR PANTS POCKETS INSIDE-OUT IN 2015: This was found to be rather amusing when this movie was released in 1989 and many probably find it just as strange today. But why? After all, it has been fashionable for several year years to buy new jeans with slashes and rips throughout. Inside-out pockets can be fixed, but “distressed” is forever.

7) “The justice system works swiftly in the future now that they’ve abolished all lawyers.”:
The closest we have in this regard is the “three strikes and you’re out” laws. By 2012, twenty-seven states had implemented the modern version of statute by which it “significantly increases the prison sentences of persons convicted of a felony who have been previously convicted of two or more violent crimes or serious felonies, and limits the ability of these offenders to receive a punishment other than a life sentence.” It’s considered “modern” because New York has had a habitual felon law since 1797.8 There continue to be individuals and organizations with some justifiable concern over the well-meaning, but restrictive laws potentially in conflict with the first section of the 14th Amendment (due process).9

More dangerous, and somehow disregarded by most on the Left, are the current trends to neutralize the 1st and 2nd Amendments. Many are trying to demote freedom of religion to “freedom of worship.”10 In other words, one may practice his faith— just keep it inside the church’s walls (even though this right does not originate with the state which, therefore, has no authority to limit it). The most recent example is the Obama Administration’s actions against the Little Sisters of the Poor. To date, lower courts have upheld the validity of the President’s “accommodation” for religious objections to the abortion, contraception and sterilization provisions of “Obamacare.” The misnamed accommodation requires the nuns and other faithful to sign over the legal right to a third party to carry out the objectionable aspects of the law. It’s as if the government says, “OK, you don’t want to drive your car as the get-away vehicle in a crime, so just sign this which allows someone else to use your car for the purpose you are strongly opposed to.”

The 2nd Amendment isn’t doing so well either and it’s not the sanctuary cities which are paradise for gun-carrying criminals. In January 2014, John Stossel of Fox News attempted to purchase a gun legally in New York City. The hoops he was told to jump through were sadly reminiscent of the unfair tactics southern states often used to prevent African-Americans from their right to vote. The net result was that he was unable to exercise his constitutional right because he was unable to satisfy Big Brother Apple that he needed a gun (death threats didn’t count). 11

8) BINOCULARS with COORDINATES and DATA: When Doc was looking at Marty, Jr. from a distance, his binoculars appeared to give data on the subject’s travel. Maybe not binoculars, but we do have StatCast which gives data on replays of home runs, great defensive plays and baserunning such as distance, speed, route efficiency, etc .

9) TAKE A $50 BILL TO BUY A PEPSI?: In all fairness, Doc didn’t tell Marty that he would need most of that $50 to get a Pepsi. The implication was that prices would accelerate as they had been throughout the early part of the decade of the 1980’s so that a lot more would be needed for such a purchase in our time.

Inflation ranged from a monthly annualized rate of 14.8% (during the last year of the Carter Administration when the prime rate hit 20%) to 1.1% in late 1986.12 Using the median inflation rate of 4.3% for that decade, the 2-liter of Pepsi priced at 89 cents13 would be about $3.15 today. With the median inflation taken from 1980 (13.5%), we arrive at a 2-liter price of $21.10. So, it’s a combination of leftover fear of high inflation (just ask Baby Boomers) and a little Hollywood license.

10) “He has a few short-circuits in his bionic implants”: This was likely inspired by the earlier television series, “The Six Million Dollar Man” which aired on ABC for five seasons, 1974-78, after three television movies in 1973. The Bionic Woman ran from 1976-78.14

What about reality? More good news, a “first” was carried out in the U.K. Eighty-year old Ray Flynn had suffered the total loss of central vision caused by dry age-related macular degeneration. The four-hour surgery was led by Paulo Stanga, consultant ophthalmologist and vitreo-retinal surgeon at the Manchester Royal Eye Hospital. Here’s how it works:

“The bionic eye implant receives its visual information from a miniature camera mounted on glasses worn by the patient. The images are converted into electrical pulses and transmitted wirelessly to an array of electrodes attached to the retina. The electrodes stimulate the remaining retina’s remaining cells which send the information to the brain.”15

Other technologies which help those with disabilities include the 220,000 worldwide who have cochlear implants to reduce hearing loss. Tens of thousands have deep brain stimulators which help to control the effects of Parkinson’s disease and are now showing results in tests with those suffering from severe depression and obsessive compulsive disorders. An Iraq war veteran has had a nerve-controlled bionic hand replace his hand lost in combat. Experiments with monkeys have reached the point where a brain implant can control a robot arm 7,000 miles away.16

As wondrous as these inventions are, how soon before some attempt to use electronics to create the super-humans Hitler could only dream about? It’s an ethical and moral dilemma. The use of medication and technology to cure or minimize a disability is not the same as attempting to gain “an edge” on other humans by going beyond the natural boundaries of human capability.

Why are there objections to ‘transhumanism”? Ray Kurzwell wrote in his book, The Singularity is Near, that the “human body 2.0” will be mostly “non-biological” with nanobots replacing our heart, lungs, nervous and digestive systems. The new human would be ultra-strong and fast and be able to create virtual realities, including a virtual lover, inside ourselves. – This new human would also never die.17

Trouble with that? Absolutely. We can start with the “logo of the Second International Congress of Eugenics (which) proudly proclaimed, ‘Eugenics is the self-direction of human evolution.’… In Dignitas Personae, published in 2008 by the Catholic Church’s Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, it said ‘such manipulation would promote a eugenic mentality and would lead to indirect social stigma with regard to people who lack certain qualities,’ which ‘would be in contrast with the fundamental truth of the equality of all human beings’… ‘that in the attempt to create a new type of human being one can recognize an ideological element in which man tried to take the place of his Creator.’”17 For those of faith who acknowledge the existence of an eternal after-life, trying to live forever is contrary is thumbing our noses at God and His creation.

11) “CAFÉ ‘80’s”: Returning to a lighter topic, we certainly have much interest in “vintage” items, styles and practices today! Sadly, no one envisioned that the Michael Jackson on the café’s screens would not be with us on this day.

12) FULLY AUTOMATED GASOLINE STATIONS: Self-service gas stations begin springing up in the 1970’s when the gasoline shortages began raising prices and people wanted ways to save a little on their gas costs. But now, a Swedish based company, Fuelmatic Systems AB, is testing a robotic fueling method. It is being tested and fine-tuned at the Husky Corp. factory near St. Louis. The system operates in this way:

“The robotic machine operates along a track and is designed for installation at a traditional gas station fueling bay by taking the place of a stationary pump. As the driver pulls up to the bay, an infrared scanner on the robot casts a light to locate the vehicle’s fuel door by identifying the shadow that is created by the gap between the fuel door and the vehicle’s body panel.

A suction cup attached to an adjustable arm on the robot opens the vehicle’s fuel door. The system works with a pull-out, push-in or latch-release fuel door. If the fuel door is locked, the driver will be alerted to spring the latch, officials at Husky demonstrated during the run-through at the plant using a mock-up of the driver’s side panel of a Ford Mustang.

The driver, meanwhile, rolls down his or her window and, using a touch screen, selects the grade of fuel and how much to purchase, paying with a credit or debit card.”18

Regarding automobile on-board diagnostics (OBD), they have been more common since the early 1980’s usually with the limitation of “idiot lights” glowing and no additional information. The first instance of an on-board computer with scanning capability was in 1968 with Volkswagen’s fuelinjected Type 3 models.19

13) “Jaws 19”: Fortunately, we have not been subjected to that number of its sequels. But what movies have had the most? It comes down to a matter of how it’s counted. If it’s by the main character, then there were eighty-nine in the Wong Fei Hung series about a Chinese folk hero (Hopalong Cassidy had sixty-six and The Durango Kid sixty-four.) For non-sexually explicit films, the greatest numerical series was The Land Before Time which will release “XIV” next year.20

14) “CUBS WIN THE WORLD SERIES — OVER MIAMI?”: A little future shock for baseball fans in 1989. At the movie’s release, the Cubs hadn’t been to the World Series since 1945. (And the MLB team based in southern Florida didn’t arrive until 1993.) That forty-four year drought is now seventy years with a little help from manager Dusty Baker allowing the Steve Bartman foul ball incident in 2003 to overshadow the game and produce the managerial brain-freeze which cost the Cubs a shot at the World Series… Ironically against the Florida Marlins who are now designated “Miami”! Unfortunately, the 2015 New York Mets didn’t follow the script and eliminated the Cubs in the NLCS last evening.

15) NO-HANDS VIDEO GAMES: After Marty shows off his shooting expertise on a vintage game machine, the young boys scoff at the notion of a video game so primitive that hands are required to operate it.

Of course, telepathic games are nowhere to be found yet. However,“in a recent experiment, a person in India said ‘hola’ and ‘ciao’ to three other people in France. Today, the Web, smartphones and international calling might make that not seem like an impressive feat, but it was. The greetings were not spoken, typed or texted. The communication in question happened between the brains of a set of study subjects, marking one of the first instances of brain-to-brain communication on record.”21 The process was a very slow one (see the accompanying footnote), but gives reason for optimism.

Those of us in 2015 are much more familiar with “touch-screens.” It was surprising to learn that the first article describing research on capacitive touchscreens was published by E.A.Johnson in 1965! George Samuel Hurst developed a resistive touchscreen. His patent was granted in 1975 and first produced in 1982.22

16) “Gramps, what the hell am I paying you for?”: This was Biff’s grandson, Griff, being disrespectful. It’s not possible to know exactly to what extent this nonsense is common in families today. But if misbehavior in our schools is any indication:

“In my 41 years of teaching I have not seen such an avalanche of bad behavior, disrespectful like behavior, mob like behavior of children in schools,” said Memphis Education Association President Keith Williams. “It is to the point of teachers are leaving this profession in droves. “23

“A record 209,800 primary and secondary school teachers reported being physically attacked by a student during the 2011-2012 school year, according to new data released… by the federal government. The data was published in “Indicators of School Crime and Safety,” which was released yesterday by the Justice Department’s Bureau of Justice Statistics and the Department of Education’s National Center for Education Statistics.
The 209,800 teachers who were attacked by students in 2011-2012 outnumber the population of Salt Lake City, Utah, which is 189,384.

On average, 1,175 teachers were physically attacked each day of the school year, according to data, which is derived from the NCES’ Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS).”24

17) HOVER-BOARDS: Where are we on creating this levitating skateboard? The good news is that this technology has advanced from the Stone Age! Before we become too excited, we must remember that something of this magnitude will take a lot more time and $. As it stands, or rather floats, the “Hendo hoverboard” (named by Arx Pax founders, Greg and Jill Henderson) is noisy and lasts for just seven minutes. Still, this is a breakthrough.

The company Arx Pax was started initially to figure out a way to make buildings more earthquake-proof by lifting them off the ground in a way similar to technology used in bullet trains. So, the founders reasoned it made sense to prove the technology on a small scale before advancing. Thus, we have the Hendo, priced at $10,000.25 Stay tuned.

18) “DOOR LOCK ENTRY USING FINGERPRINT”: A subdued Jennifer of 1985, brought to her home of the future by the policewomen who found her, was able to unlock the door to her home because it was fingerprint sensitive, which does not change with age. BTF II nailed this one, too! There more technologies than just this one.26 (see the accompanying footnote)

19) “LITHIUM MODE ‘ON’”: So said the intelligent home climate control when the Marty of the future arrived after work. “Intelligent” homes can control many facets of the house, but not the mood of ourselves yet. Modern technology makes hvac and lighting more efficient by adjusting usage to actual needs. Parameters can be programmed by the homeowner or sensors which can determine whether someone is in a particular room or even at home. Cost-saving “yes” – security and privacy “NO.” Something to consider.

20) “THE ATROCITY CHANNEL”: Marty Jr. referred to this during some friendly parent/teenager banter at dinner. With the proliferation of television channels currently available and the increasing interest in degenerate forms of “reality” shows, can this be far off?

21) “I monitored that scan you just interfaced. YOU ARE TERMINATED!”:
This was spoken by the boss future Marty seconds after he used a card scanner to enter into an illegal deal with a fellow worker. Two things here. One, the large phone television screen, known today as “Skype,” was first available in 2003.27 Two, it shows the interconnectedness of our Electronic Age. Many things can be done “seamlessly.” As with any advancing technology, we need to be on our guard that the basic respect for human dignity (security, privacy) is not compromised. The need-to-be-connected-at-all-times mentality has become more prevalent due to the increased impersonal nature of our jobs, communications and lives.

22) $174 CAB RIDE AND FINGERPRINT PAYMENT: Biff had been following the DeLorean to where the policewomen took the Jennifer of 1985 to her home in 2015. The cab ride was paid for by Biff using his fingerprint on a payment machine. The cab fare isn’t far off. A friend of mine recently paid $90 for a ride from the Nashville airport to Murfreesboro.

Now as for the payment, yep, PayPal has a way: fingerprint and a Samsung Galaxie S5, Tab S, Note 4 or Alpha device.28 Or, one can take the Nexus route: “With Nexus Smart Pay you can pay with just your finger, for free!… At any merchant that accepts Nexus Smart Pay, all you need is you. We’ll e-mail you a receipt after your purchase and we draft the original payment automatically.”29

23) “The school burned down six years ago.”: This came from the Mr. Strickland of the distorted 1985 in response to Marty’s “Don’t you remember you gave me detention last week?” Well, the social deterioration in schools as noted in item #16 hasn’t reached this stage yet. However, unless the well-being of the family and timeless values are re-established in our communities, we can be sure this current trend joined with recent Supreme Court decisions and implementation of social engineering promoted by Common Core will produce this inevitable chaos.

24) Destroyed Library: Marty and Doc Brown find the Hill Valley library is a complete wreck. Knowledge is no longer a priority in this time. For those who criticize skeptics of Common Core, please see the 5-part series on the subject at the http://www.ohioconservativereview.com.

And free speech is being discouraged on college campuses as “Brandeis University officials were intimidated into rescinding their invitation to Somali writer and American Enterprise Institute scholar Ayaan Hirsi Ali, whose criticisms of radical Islam were said to have violated the school’s ‘core values.’ Brandeis decided that allowing her to speak would be hurtful to Muslim students. I take it that Brandeis students and officials would see criticism of deadly Islamist terrorist gang Boko Haram’s kidnapping of nearly 300 Nigerian girls, some of whom have been sold off as brides, as unacceptable and violative of the university’s core values.“ 30

And, “Azusa Pacific University, a private Christian university, canceled a planned address by distinguished libertarian scholar Charles Murray out of fear that his lecture might upset ‘faculty and students of color.’ In response to the cancellation, Murray wrote an open letter to the students, which in part read: ‘The task of the scholar is to present a case for his or her position based on evidence and logic. Another task of the scholar is to do so in a way that invites everybody into the discussion rather than demonize those who disagree. Try to find anything under my name that is not written in that spirit. Try to find even a paragraph that is written in anger, takes a cheap shot, or attacks women, African Americans, Latinos, Asians, or anyone else.’ Unfortunately, such a scholarly vision is greeted with hostility at some universities.”30

25) “CRACKPOT INVENTOR DECLARED LEGALLY INSANE”: Such was the headline in a newspaper in the distorted 1985. This was clearly a libelous, smear campaign getting back at people who did not consent to the new society which the greedy, future Biff had created. We wouldn’t have that now, would we?

Not to that extent – yet. It starts with misusing the language to imply that those who don’t fall in line with politically correct thinking are made to appear unstable psychologically. “Islamophobia” may be correct if the individual has an unfounded fear of all who practice that faith. However, it is now a favorite label given to anyone who believes that we are in a religious war, which we are.31 Then, there’s the favorite of the Left: “homophobia” (which actually means an irrational fear of human beings). Those who understand that marriage does not come from the state and that even the Church cannot change the requirement that it must be between one man and one woman are not fearful of those who have homosexual tendencies as the fabricated term implies.

This brings up another future possibility. It is clear that Natural Law and common sense are being discarded in favor of relativism.32 It would also be logical, then, for advocates of stricter requirements for gun ownership to distort what is considered legally insane to make it essentially impossible for any law-abiding citizen to own one.

26) THE RICHEST AND MOST POWERFUL MAN IN HILL VALLEY: Here is a town which is run and over-burdened by the guy with the casino who’s in it for himself. Could that happen on the Presidential level?…..

27) “Kid, I OWN the police.”: Except for a few stray, rural communities, this practice is all but dead. But what is the state of our local law enforcements across the nation?

From 2-1/2 years ago to now, we have from: “”Trayvon Martin could have been me 35 years ago… His remarks, which lasted about 20 minutes, escalated a nationwide debate on the verdict that has prompted protests, including some that turned violent.”33

To this: “While we tried to make sure that they were protected from the cars and the other things that were going on. We also gave those who wished to destroy space to do that as well. And we work very hard to keep that balance and to put ourselves in the best position to deescalate, and that’s what you saw… Let them loot, it’s only property.”34

Perhaps no one “owns” the police. Nevertheless, their induced reluctance to enforce the law has led to a 104% increase in Baltimore shootings for the three months starting in May of this year and a 97% increase in robbery/ car jacking, etc.35 Meanwhile, for the nation as a whole, the greatest increase in murders for the first eight months of the year occurred in these cities: Milwaukee (76%), St. Louis (60%), Baltimore (56%), Washington D.C. (44%) and New Orleans (22%). “The equilibrium has changed between police and offenders,” said Alfred Blumstein, a professor and a criminologist at Heinz College, Carnegie Mellon University.36

… Much has changed since the actual 1985. The question remains: Are we experiencing the progression from the actual 1985, or from Biff’s 1985? And is “Brave New World” far off? Becoming a butthead will be the least of our worries.

1 — https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Back_to_the_Future_(franchise)

2 — http://www.aeromobil.com/#s-about

3 — http://www.terrafugia.com/company

4 — http://boards.straightdope.com/sdmb/showthread.php?t=2426

5 – “Why There’s Still No Electronic Technology That Can Put You To Sleep,” by Meg Cramer, http://paleofuture.gizmodo.com/technology-cant-make-you-fall-asleep-1681121140, 1/22/2015

6 – “Brace Yourselves, Nike Self-Lacing Shoes Might Arrive in October, by Azalea Pena, http://www.psfk.com/2015/09/nike-mag-self-lacing-shoes-back-to-the-future.html, 9/11/2015

7 – “’Back to the Future’s’ self-drying coat? Not yet.” By Ben Johnson, http://www.marketplace.org/topics/tech/back-futures-self-drying-coat-not-yet, 2/12/2015

8 — https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Three-strikes_law, also has a reference to the New York statute: Arrigo, Bruce A. (2014). Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics in addition to footnotes for the other states

9 – text of the entire Amendment can be found in https://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/amendmentxiv

10 — “Why ‘Freedom of Worship’ is Not Enough,” by Ashley E. Samelson, http://www.firstthings.com,
2/22/2010

11 – “The 50-page procedure required Stossel to answer questions which included obscure weapons terms which had no relevance to the application (e.g.”dirk,”stiletto,” and “gravity knife”)… Stossel on the required fee: “I can afford the $430 application fee, but there are poor people who can’t afford that and can’t afford to take the time off from work to apply… Stossel was denied a gun because he could not present a “special need” for having one. He produced copies of death threats against him, but they were discounted because he had not reported them to the police. ” from https://cartaremi.wordpress.com/2014/01/16/anti-second-amendment-proponents-simulate-tactics-from-minority-voter-discrimination-days/, taken from the 1/14/2014 edition of “the O’Reilly Factor.

12 — http://www.usinflationcalculator.com/inflation/historical-inflation-rates/

13 – http://www.foodtimeline.org/foodfaq5.html#cocacola

14 — https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Six_Million_Dollar_Man

15 – “Bionic implant world’s first,” by Fergus Walsh, http://www.bbc.com/news/health-33571412, 7/21/2015

16 – “Are bionic superhumans on the horizon,” by Ramez Naam, http://www.cnn.com/2013/04/24/opinion/bionic-superhumans-ramez-naam/, updated 4/23/2013

17 – “Tranhumanism: Taking the Place of Our Creator,” by Rebecca Taylor, 11/18/2012 edition of the National Catholic Register.”

18 – “Full-service gas with a robot attendant?,” by Jon Hilkevitch, http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2014-03-03/news/ct-getting-around-robot-vehicle-fueling-met-0224-20140303_1_gas-station-full-service-gas-own-gas, 3/3/2014

19 — https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/On-board_diagnostics

20 — https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_film_series_with_more_than_ten_entries

21 – “First, the team had to establish binary-code equivalents of letters; for example “h” is “0-0-1-1-1.” Then, with EEG (electroencephalography) sensors attached to the scalp, the sender moved either his hands or feet to indicate a 1 or a 0. The code then passed to the recipient over email. On the other end, the receiver was blindfolded with a transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) system on his head. (TMS is a non-invasive method of stimulating neurons in the brain; it’s most commonly used to treat depression.) The TMS headset stimulated the recipient’s brain, causing him to see quick flashes of light. A flash was equivalent to a “1” and a blank was a “0.” From there, the code was translated back into text. It took about 70 minutes to relay the message.” From “Scientists Prove That Telepathic Communication Is Within Reach,” by Corinne Iozzio, http://www.smithsonianmag.com/innovation/scientists-prove-that-telepathic-communication-is-within-reach-180952868/?no-ist, 10/2/2014

22 — https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Touchscreen, with footnotes A) Johnson, E.A. (1965). “Touch Display – A novel input/output device for computers”. Electronics Letters 1 (8): 219-220. doi:10.1049/el:19650200, B) USPTO. “DISCRIMINATING CONTACT SENSOR”. Google. Retrieved6 April 2013 and C) oakridger.com, “G. Samuel Hurst — the ‘Tom Edison’ of ORNL”, December 14 2010.

23 – “Teachers under attack in their own classrooms,” by April Thompson, http://wreg.com/2015/05/18/teachers-under-attack-in-their-own-classrooms/, 5/18/2015

24 – “Student Attacks on Teachers Up34.5%; Record 209,800 in 2011-12 School Year,” by Lauretta Brown, http://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/lauretta-brown/student-attacks-teachers-345-record-209800-2011-12-school-year, 6/10/2014

25 – “Architect’s Dream Of Levitating Houses Turns Into A Hoverboard,” by Aaron Tilley, http://www.forbes.com/sites/aarontilley/2014/10/21/hendo-hoverboard/, 10/21/2014

26 – “As biometrics become more and more prominent as a recognized means of positive identification, their use in security systems increases. Some new electronic locks take advantage of technologies such as fingerprint scanning, retinal scanning, iris scanning and voice print identification to authenticate users.” From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electronic_lock

27 – “Skype was created in 2003 at a company founded by Niklas Zennström and Janus Friis. Originally called Skyper, it was later shortened to Skype when it was discovered that Skyper wasn’t available with all Internet domains… Basically, Skype converts voice signals into data, sends that over the Internet from the host computer, and then restores the audio on the receiving computer. You might hear people refer to it as “VoIP” which stands for “Voice over IP”. The system is free between two Skype-linked computers, and has only a small fee if the person on one end is using a conventional phone.” From “A Brief History of Skype,” by Rob Whent, http://www.itbusiness.ca/blog/a-brief-history-of-skype/20750, 6/21/2012.

28 — https://www.paypal-pages.com/samsunggalaxys5/us/index.html

29 — https://www.nexussmartpay.com/Home.aspx

30 – “America’s budding tyrants on university campuses,” by Walter Williams, http://www.washingtonexaminer.com/americas-budding-tyrants-on-university-campuses/article/2548643, 5/20/2014

31 — https://cartaremi.wordpress.com/2015/02/26/to-those-influenced-by-secular-humanism-the-world-is-in-a-religious-war/

32 – “Relativism is the philosophical position that all points of view are equally valid and that all truth is relative to the individual… Our pluralistic society wants to avoid the idea that there really is a right and wrong.” from “What is Relativism?” by Matt Slick, https://carm.org/what-relativism

33 – remark by President Obama as reported in “Obama: ‘Trayvon Martin could have been me,” by Tom Cohen, http://www.cnn.com/2013/07/19/politics/obama-zimmerman/, 7/19/2013.

34 – remark from Baltimore Mayor Stephanie Rawlings Blake as reported in “Baltimore Officials Admit They Gave Police Stand Down Order During Violent Riots,” by Jim Hoft, http://www.thegatewaypundit.com/2015/07/baltimore-officials-admit-they-gave-police-stand-down-order-during-violent-riots/, 7/1/2015.

35 – “Police Departments Walk Fine Line After Shootings,” by Scott Calvert and Zusha Elinson, The Wall Street Journal, 8/7/2015.

36 – “Murder Rates Rising Sharply in Many U.S. Cities,” by Monica Davey and Mitch Smith, http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/01/us/murder-rates-rising-sharply-in-many-us-cities.html?_r=0, 8/31/2015.